What Do Men Have To Do With Women’s Reproductive Rights?

On his third day in office, President Trump signed the new and worse Global Gag Rule, a restriction on international organizations that receive U.S. global health assistance that blocks them from using their own, non-U.S. funds to provide or refer women to abortion services. And lest we forget: He signed that presidential memorandum with seven men and zero women standing behind him.

The disturbing image of a group of men literally blocking women’s access to abortion conveys the narrative of centuries of men controlling women’s bodies and lives. So, to the question, “What do men have to do with women’s reproductive rights?” the obvious answer in these political times seems to be: Stay out. It might be that we want men to have little or nothing to do with women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights.

But would women be better off? Excluding all men from discussions around sexual and reproductive rights is a disservice to women. It keeps the burden for contraception on women. It halts efforts that encourage men to support the reproductive choices of their female partners, and perpetuates a culture in which no man is perceived to be, or engaged to be, an ally in ensuring reproductive rights of all people.

Moses, a member of the Village Health Team in Nakasongola, Uganda, uses a flipchart to educate his peers about family planning. Photo: Lucian Alexe/Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition, Courtesy of Photoshare

Clearly, men matter in this discussion. There is the obvious point that, in the context of heterosexual relationships, men are half of the human reproductive process. However, they represent only about one-quarter of total contraceptive use, including withdrawal, vasectomy, and male condoms. That proportion has remained virtually unchanged since the 1980s, despite the fact that vasectomy is cheaper and safer than female sterilization. And, while condoms may not be the long-term contraceptive solution for many couples, they have the added protection of STI and HIV prevention.

There are other male contraceptive methods in various stages of development. The most recent trial of a male hormonal contraceptive method was halted in 2016 due to negative side effects. Some women’s health advocates pointed out that the decision represented a double standard, given that trials for women’s hormonal contraceptives have continued despite multiple side effects experienced by women.

Here’s the other reason we need men on board: Millions of women report not using contraceptives because of their husbands. In 2012, the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the Gates Foundation, and the UK government, among others, created Family Planning 2020 (FP2020), with the goal of reaching 120 million of the world’s poorest women with contraception. At their meeting in London in July, coordinators of the Family Planning 2020 partnership acknowledged they had only achieved about a quarter of their target and that a key obstacle was men’s attitudes toward women’s usage of family planning. Currently, the FP2020 initiative has no target for increasing men’s use of contraceptives. Given the realities of sex and reproduction, we may never achieve a truly equal sharing of the contraceptive burden — but we can do better.

At the very least, donors, governments, and public health agencies need to talk to men about supporting women’s reproductive health. Studies from many of the world’s poorest countries show that many men want more children than their female partners, while in other countries, many men support their wives’ decisions to have fewer children. We cannot rest until that becomes all men.

What about access to safe and legal abortion? Shouldn’t abortion stay in the realm of exclusively women’s decision-making? The answer is a definitive yes. Her body, her decision. In practice, though, many women confide in male partners on this issue. Household surveys coordinated by Promundo in several countries found that between 40 percent and 90 percent of women said that they involved a male partner in a decision to have an abortion. We can’t assume this is always a positive involvement on the part of male partners. But we can work to make men’s involvement respectful and supportive. Women and men, boys and girls, of all ages should be educated about contraception and abortion, and why both are critical components of comprehensive health services and rights. In addition, surveys in the U.S. show that men are as likely as women to support keeping abortion legal. Maybe it’s time for those men to speak up.

We need men around the world, from the heads of foreign assistance, to health policymakers, to male partners and husbands to join women and show in their voting, their voices, and their decisions that they stand up every day for women’s reproductive rights. We need fathers and mothers around the world to talk to their children, from early on, in open and feminist ways, about sex, sexuality, gender identity and expression, choice, rights, and contraception. We need men and women to vote for school board members who support comprehensive sexuality education, and speak out against violence against women.

Until every woman in the world has access to modern contraceptives, safe abortion, and bodily autonomy, we all must talk about family planning. At home, in the classroom, and in the halls of power.

8 thoughts on “What Do Men Have To Do With Women’s Reproductive Rights?

  1. No men and boys do not need to be in females’ private reprodcutive rights or business. Do you see women in men’s decions to use viagra. . This is wrong and a double standard.

    • Hi, I totally support womens´right to do whatever they like with their
      own bodies – it is the same with men !
      I do not understand what men have to do with womens´rights other than
      to support women ! After all without women there would not be any men !
      I´d like to point out that I certainly don´t feel like a murderer if I support an abortion ! If so, all men in Scandinavia are murderers and that sounds just a little too heavy accusation for me !!!!! How is it possible that women
      still have to fight for their selfevident right to decide over their body in
      excactly the same way as do men !

      Dan Lindroos
      70 years old male
      Runebergsgatan 55 a 7
      00260 Helsinki
      Finland

    • Speaking of double standards: It is a double standard to grant women the right to choose to have a child, while men can not make their own decision. I’m not implying that men should have any say in a woman’s choice. Men need to have the right to let their potential co-parent legally their intentions without being pursued and enforced to support women if she individually decided to have a child.

  2. If an abortion is solely a woman’s decision, a man should not be required to support her choice over the next 18 years. Otherwise, this declaration of ‘no man’s business ‘ is a hypocrisy. Furthermore, women benefit if men can signal if they consent to be father in that they know if they are alone or not in bringing up a child.

    • Most women make abortion decisions with their partners, but yes, ultimately the decisions is theirs to make since pregnancy happens to their bodies.

  3. Most women say that they would not have gotten a abortion if their families, friends and doctors had not pressured them into it. In other words, the decision was ultimately not the woman’s.

    • If a man can’t protect himself with any known “available” contraceptive. Then he in tune put himself into jeopardy by putting the women in a medical long term situation. Ultimately the women must survive with the best choice she makes and the Man should be held responsible with the outcome of her PROCHOICE .

      If a man purposely wants to impregnate one for control due to nature’s of sexual abuse. He should be held accountable.

  4. Well, men certainly don’t have any business in deciding “what” a women should do with her body and her pregnancy. However, they do have a business speaking up for lack of safe and legal abortion access, care, and against oppressive abortion laws. They don’t need to be saviors. They need to be allies. As this map shows – https://www.men4choice.org/resources/abortion-policy-landscape/ even in an apparently “Pro-Choice” nation, the laws are rather hostile to women trying to exercise their basic abortion rights.

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